Political Dynamics of 2013 and 2022 APBD Discussion in Blora Regency (Case Study of Delayed APBD Determination and Timely APBD Determination)
The Regional Income and Expenditure Budget (APBD) is a revenue and expenditure plan for the regional government for one fiscal year stipulated in regional regulations (Perda). The regional head and the DPRD are required to jointly approve the draft regional regulation on APBD no later than one month or in December before the start of the next fiscal year each year. APBD is an instrument used by local governments to carry out governance and development, including public services. In the history of the determination of the APBD in Blora Regency, the period from 2002 to 2023 was marked by delays in the determination from 2002 to 2015 or 13 consecutive years. Then from 2016 to 2023 the determination of the APBD in Blora Regency is no longer too late. This study aims to describe the political dynamics that occurred between the legislature and the executive in the 2013 APBD discussions when the APBD was set late and in the 2022 APBD discussions when the APBD was set on time. This research uses a case study qualitative method in the Blora Regency Government using a qualitative research method through documentation and in-depth interviews with informants who have competence related to the discussion process up to the determination of the APBD in Blora Regency in both categories or periodization. Furthermore, the data were analyzed using the Miles and Hubberman technique. The results of the study show that during the discussion of the APBD there was a conflict of interest with the budgeting cooperation of budget actors (executive and legislative) in the process of discussing the APBD in Blora Regency 2013 and 2022.