Digital Parenting Effectiveness as A Literation Means in Efforts to Protect Childrenfrom the Dangers of Sexual Violence

  • Hera Wahyuni Psychology Study Program, Faculty of Social and Cultural Sciences, University of Trunojoyo Madura
  • Siti Fadjryana Fitroh Early Childhood Education Study Program, Faculty of Education, University of Trunojoyo Madura
  • Medika Risnasari Informatics Education Study Program, Faculty of Education, University of Trunojoyo Madura
Keywords: Digital Parenting, Sexual Violence, Children


Sexual harassment and violence through social media has become more prevalent in the past two years. The results of the study noted that Instagram was the most frequently used social media with the percentage of 32%, Facebook 23%, then snapchat 14%. The same thing was also informed by the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (Berty, 2019). The hope is that parents with literacy skills on Digital Parenting will provide a solution to this matter. Parents can observe the children's environment and direct them to positive things and minimize negative impacts such as sexual violence. Therefore parents can provide protection for children both in real and digital environments in the future. This research is an experimental study that aims to determine how effective digital parenting is in increasing parental literacy as an effort to protect against the dangers of sexual violence in children through online media. The research design used was a one group pre test-post test design, which consisted of 18 test items measured using a pre-test that was carried out before being treated and a post-test that was carried out after given the treatment. The treatment was given in the form of a digital parenting workshop as an effort to prevent sexual violence against children. The research sample was carried out by purposive random sampling, on parents who have children between 4 years and 13 years of age in the six sub-districts of Bangkalan Madura Regency, East Java. The results of the analysis of the Pre-Post Comparison Test using the t test, showed that the average score after receiving treatment was 10.52, while the average score before receiving treatment was 8.58. It is concluded that there are significant differences in results after receiving treatment. Based on the results of the calculation of the Wilcoxon Signed Rank Test, the Z value obtained is -4,985, the p value (Asymp.Sig 2 tailed) is 0,000 which is less than the critical research limit of 0.05 so the hypothesis decision is to accept Ha and reject Ho meaning that digital parenting as Literacy means to protect sexual violence against children are proven to be effective for parents who have children aged 4 to 13 years.