Analysis of Conflicts and Nationalism in Papuans Student’s Perspectives(Ethnographic Research on Indonesian Historical Study)

  • Al Fajar Bima Sakti School of Postgraduate, UniversitasPendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia
Keywords: Nationalism, Conflict, ADEM Program, Papua Student, Historical Education


Like a tangled rope that is hard to be straight, up to this date the problems of Papua remain unresolved, since the presidency of Soekarno until Joko Widodo, Papua have always attracted national attention, or even international. The problems of humanity, racism, social inequality, education, economic inequality, infrastructure, and discourse of Papuan independence are a number of problems that have not been resolved. Education is the right of every citizen, the government is currently running a Secondary Education Affirmation Program (ADEM) as an effort to provide educational facilities for the Papuans to study at the area that is relatively more advanced than it is in Papua. This research uses a qualitative approach under the Creswell's ethnographic method. The results of the study show that all Papuan students of the ADEM program perceive that Papua conflict contradicts nationalism. However, the conflict cannot be considered as the fault of the Papuan itself. It seems to be caused by various factors that lead to the Papuan's disappointment. Nationalism in Papuan students' have been divided. Based on Papuan students which have been interviewed, there were several students who did not agree to the independence of Papua, and some of them agreed to the independence of Papua. Historical education has an important role in building a sense of nationalism and becomes the resolution of the conflict. Those can be done by teaching the essential values existing in historical events.