The effect Of Chronic Energy Deficiency And Protein In Take On The Incidence Of Preeclampsia In dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Hospital Lampung Province
Preeclampsia is one type of pregnancy hypertension and an obstetric emergency. One per ten of all maternal mortality are associated with hypertensive disorders in pregnancy and a quarter are associated with itscomplications. Maternal mortality rate (MMR) in Lampung Province in 2015 due to hypertension was found in 35 cases. Prevention efforts to avoid poor prognosis are needed by eradicating risk factors. Nutritional status ofchronic energy deficiency (CED) and maternal protein intake during pregnancy are thought to be important risk factors of preeclampsia.Objective: To determine the effect of CED and maternal protein intake on the incidence of preeclampsia in Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Hospital Lampung ProvinceSubject and Method: This study was an observational analytic study with a cross sectional design. The subjects in this study were 66 pregnant women taken by purposive sampling method, have beenmore than 20 weeks pregnant,was not sufferingmolahidatidosa and diabetes mellitus. Preeclampsia is measured by obstetrician’s assessment, CED is measured by mid-upper armcircumferenceand protein intake is measured by 2x24 hours food recall questionnaire. Data were analyzed using chi square test.Results: The results showed that of 66 respondents ,37.9% with CED, 81.8% with inadequate protein intake and 51.5% with preeclampsia. There is significant effect of CED to the incidence of preeclampsia (p = 0.001) and there is significant effect of maternal inadequate protein intake to the incidence of preeclampsia (p = 0,001).Conclusion: There is an effect of chronic energy deficiency and maternal protein intake on theincidence of preeclampsia in Dr. H. Abdul Moeloek Hospital Lampung Province.